Present Perfect Tense with examples

Present Perfect Tense with examples


I have sung

This present perfect tense is important tense in English, but this tense gives speakers of some languages a difficult time. So because of it uses concepts or ideas that do not exist in the languages. The structure of this tense is very simple. But the problems comes with the use of this tense. There are differences in usage between British English and American English.

In this Article we will cover the structure and use of the present perfect tense, by using a quiz to check your understanding level:

 

This Tense is really a very interesting tense, and the present perfect tense is very useful one. Do not to translate the this  tense into your native language. Always try to accept the concepts of this tense and learn to “think” present perfect! And you will get learn to like the present perfect tense!

How  we make the Present Perfect Tense?

Here is the structure of this tense:

subject+auxiliary verb+main verb

……………………… …..     have   ………………. past participle

These are some more examples of the present perfect tense:

Sentence subject  auxiliary verb main verb
+ I have seen ET.
+ You have eaten mine.
She has not been to Rome.
We have not played cricket.
? Have you finished your work
? Have they done it?

 

Contract form(short form) with the present perfect tense

We use this tense in speaking, we commonly contract the subject and auxiliary verb. Also on writing sometime we do it.

 

I have I’ve
You have You’ve
He has

She has

It has

John has

The car has

He’s

She’s

It’s

John’s

The car’s

We have We’ve
They have They’ve

 

Here are the some examples:

  • I’ve finished my breakfast.
  • Fahad seen ET.
  • We’ve gone home.

How  we use the Present Perfect Tense?

There is always a connection with the past time and with the present time. There are basically three uses for this tense:

experience

change

and continuing situation

1. Present perfect tense for experience:

We often use the this tense to talk about experience from the past. We are not interested in when I/you did something. We only want to know if I/you did it:

 

                    WE have seen ET.

He has lived in Pakistan. Have he been there? We have never eaten mango.

past present future
                                                 !!!
The action was in the past. In my head, I have a memory now.

It have Connection with past: the event was in the pasttime.

Connection with present time: in my head, now, I have a memory of the past event; I know have knowledge about the event; I have experience about it.

2. Present perfect tense for change

We also use this tense to talk about a change or new information:

I have bought a mobile.
past present future
+
Last week I didn’t have a mobile. Now I have a mobile.

 

Has the price gone up?
past present future
+
Was the price $1.30 Yesterday? Is the price $1.60 Today?

 

Fahad has broken his leg.
past present future
+
Yesterday Fahad had a good leg. Now he has a broken leg.

 

The police have arrested the killers.
past present future
+
Yesterday the killers was free. Now he is in prison.

It have Connection with past: Past is the opposite of the present.

It have Connection with present: Present is the opposite of the past

British people use this tense more than Americans. Americans  use the past tense instead. An American say “Did you have lunch?”,

where a British people say “Have you had  lunch?”

3. Present perfect tense for continuing situation

We often use this tense to talk about a continuing situation. This is a action that started in the past time and continues in the present time (and it will probably continue into the future). This is a action (not an action). We  use for or since with this structure.

I have worked here since January.

She has been ill for 4 days.

How long have you known Saba?

past present future
The action is started in the past. It continues up to now. (It will probably continue in the future.)

 

Connection with past:  And the situation started in the past.

Connection with present: And the situation continues in the present.

For & Since with Present Perfect Tense

We use for and since with this tense.

  • Use of for to talk about a period of time—5 minutes, 2 weeks, 6 years.
  • Use of since to talk about a point in past time—9 o’clock, 1st January, Monday.
for since
period of time point in past time
x————
30 minutes 7.15pm
three days Friday
8 months January
3 years 1996
1 centuries 1600
a long time I left school
ever the beginning of time
etc etc

more examples of this tense:

  • I have been here for 30 min.
  • I have been here since 8 o’clock.
  • Fahad hasn’t called for 3 months.
  • Fahad hasn’t called since
  • He has worked in Pakistan for a long time.
  • He has worked in Pakistan since he left school.
 For can used with all tenses. Since is used with perfect tenses only.

 

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