This present perfect tense is important tense in English, but this tense gives speakers of some languages a difficult time. So because of it uses concepts or ideas that do not exist in the languages. The structure of this tense is very simple. But the problems comes with the use of this tense. There are differences in usage between British English and American English.
In this Article we will cover the structure and use of the present perfect tense, by using a quiz to check your understanding level:
This Tense is really a very interesting tense, and the present perfect tense is very useful one. Do not to translate the this tense into your native language. Always try to accept the concepts of this tense and learn to “think” present perfect! And you will get learn to like the present perfect tense!
How we make the Present Perfect Tense?
Here is the structure of this tense:
subject+auxiliary verb+main verb
……………………… ….. have ………………. past participle
These are some more examples of the present perfect tense:
Contract form(short form) with the present perfect tense
We use this tense in speaking, we commonly contract the subject and auxiliary verb. Also on writing sometime we do it.
The car has
Here are the some examples:
I’ve finished my breakfast.
Fahad seen ET.
We’ve gone home.
How we use the Present Perfect Tense?
There is always a connection with the past time and with the present time. There are basically three uses for this tense:
and continuing situation
1. Present perfect tense for experience:
We often use the this tense to talk about experience from the past. We are not interested in when I/you did something. We only want to know if I/you did it:
WE have seen ET.
He has lived in Pakistan. Have he been there? We have never eaten mango.
The action was in the past.
In my head, I have a memory now.
It have Connection with past: the event was in the pasttime.
Connection with present time: in my head, now, I have a memory of the past event; I know have knowledge about the event; I have experience about it.
2. Present perfect tense for change
We also use this tense to talk about a change or new information:
I have bought a mobile.
Last week I didn’t have a mobile.
Now I have a mobile.
Has the price gone up?
Was the price $1.30 Yesterday?
Is the price $1.60 Today?
Fahad has broken his leg.
Yesterday Fahad had a good leg.
Now he has a broken leg.
The police have arrested the killers.
Yesterday the killers was free.
Now he is in prison.
It have Connection with past: Past is the opposite of the present.
It have Connection with present: Present is the opposite of the past
British people use this tense more than Americans. Americans use the past tense instead. An American say “Did you have lunch?”,
where a British people say “Have you had lunch?”
3. Present perfect tense for continuing situation
We often use this tense to talk about a continuing situation. This is a action that started in the past time and continues in the present time (and it will probably continue into the future). This is a action (not an action). We use for or since with this structure.
I have worked here since January.
She has been ill for 4 days.
How long have you known Saba?
The action is started in the past.
It continues up to now.
(It will probably continue in the future.)
Connection with past: And the situation started in the past.
Connection with present: And the situation continues in the present.
For & Since with Present Perfect Tense
We use for and since with this tense.
Use of for to talk about a period of time—5 minutes, 2 weeks, 6 years.
Use of since to talk about a point in past time—9 o’clock, 1st January, Monday.
period of time
point in past time
a long time
I left school
the beginning of time
more examples of this tense:
I have been here for 30 min.
I have been here since 8 o’clock.
Fahad hasn’t called for 3 months.
Fahad hasn’t called since
He has worked in Pakistan for a long time.
He has worked in Pakistan since he left school.
For can used with all tenses. Since is used with perfect tenses only.