Direct and Indirect Speech, Reported Speech Exercises

Direct and Indirect Speech, Reported Speech Exercises

Direct and indirect speech with examples post logo

Yes Boss,  Yeah I just come to the office, What you are on leave, Ok Boss bye. Just notice that boss tell me about his leave, If the same words I want to tell to my colleagues, Then I can tell it in 2 ways,

    1. The first way is this that I tell to everyone that Boss said that I am on leave, It means the same words that the boss tell me, I tell to my colleagues, Boss said that, “I am on leave”.
    2. I can say, I can tell to my colleagues that the boss said that he is on leave. Means I can tell it on my own words. Boss said that he is on leave.

It means that I can tell to my colleagues direct the same words of my boss or I change my boss words into my own words and I tell to my colleagues indirectly.



So we will learn here Direct and Indirect Speech with explanation and with examples. So here we are continuing “Direct and Indirect Speech”  with an example.

For Example, My friend told me that he needs some money, And the now I want to tell to my father that

My friend said,” I need some money”

When we use direct speech or we can say it Reporting Speech. 

My friend said I need some money
after that, we will put

        ,

and these words we will put between

  ”    “

 

Examples of Direct Speech

  1. Salman said, “I will not marry”.
  2. The shopkeeper said, “I have the change”.
  3. The wifi said, “I am watching TV”
  4. The boss said, “I am on leave”

Sometimes we say that 3rd person tells something to 4th person for Example:

  1. The teacher said to the student, “I am very happy with your result”
  2. Fahad said to his father, ” I do not know acting”

Now, these were some example of Direct Speech or Reporting Speech. Yeah, we just learn direct speech and we learn that we can write the Direct Sentences.

If we talk about Indirect Speech or Reported Speech, So it is very easy either we tell to everyone that, The boss said, “I am on leave”. Just notice that which sentence well look good, Reporting Speech or Reported Speech. In Reporting speech, We use the same words of other but in Reported Speech, We will use the same information but in own words.

Direct Speech/ Reporting Speech Indirect Speech/ Reported Speech
My friend said,” I need some money” My friend said that he needed some money.
Salman said, “I will not marry”. Salman said that he will not marry.
The shopkeeper said, “I have the change”. The shopkeeper said that he had the change
The boss said, “I am on leave” The boss said that he was on leave

 

We remove the Comma and Quotation Mark in indirect sentences, We use Comma and Quotation Mark when we use the same words of 3rd Person. And we put THAT in the place of Comma and remove the Quotation Mark because we are not using the same words of 3rd person.

 

You have noticed that we were using Present tense, And we simply convert the present tense into past tense in Reported Speech, So here is one question, And question is that if a speaker use the past form then what we need to do and how we will change his sentence into reported speech.

For Example:

My friend said, ” I needed some money”.

Now this sentence is already in the past, And how we will speak it indirectly. You need to remember one rule for it you need to check the Reporting speech and then you will need through it one tense back for Reported Speech.

Present 
  Past      
Perfect  

If a direct sentence is in the Present then we will use Past, If a direct sentence is in the Past then we will use Perfect. If a direct sentence is in the Perfect, Then don’t think after perfect there is no tense. So can’t change perfect tense.

Example Of Present Tense:

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
My friend said,” I need some money” My friend said that he needed some money.

Example Of Past Tense:

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
My friend said,” I needed some money” My friend said that he had needed some money.

Example Of Perfect Tense:

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
My friend said,” I had needed some money” It will be the same. It can’t change.

 

Now we have another question If the direct sentence has these words Will, Shall, Can and Maythen what we should to do for indirect sentences.

Example:

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
Will Would
Shall Should
Can Could
May Might

 

If direct sentences have these words Would, Should, Could and Might, Then it will not be changed. Because there is no Past form after these words.

 

First, we have discussed that Sometimes we say that 3rd person tells something to 4th person for Example:

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
The teacher said to the student, “I am very happy with your result” The teacher told to the student that he was very happy with their result.
Fahad said to his father, ” I do not know acting”

 

Fahad told to his father that he did not know acting.
The child said to his father, “I have finished my homework” The child told to his father that he had finished his homework.




now let’s check let’s learn another thing on this topic. Just imagine before two or three days your friend told you that he had a bad mood today.

Direct Sentence:

My friend said, “I am in a bad mood today”

Indirect Speech:

My friend said that he was in a bad mood today.

 

Just check, is it right, No it is not right there is one mistake which is Today. Now let’s see the correct sentence.

My friend said that he was in a bad mood that day.

 

Also Learn English Grammer 

Simple Present Tense / present indefinite tense with Examples

Present Continuous Tense

Present Perfect Tense with examples

Present Perfect Continuous Tense with examples

 

So remember that today will be change into that day in indirect speech.

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
Today That day
Tonight That night
Yesterday The previous day
Tomorrow The next day

Same like that

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
This That
These Those
Here There
Now Then

 

Now let’s see the Question Sentences, For Example, My boss ask me for the project.

Direct Sentence

My boss said to me, “Have you completed the project?”.

Now if I want to tell you my boss words through indirect way, Then how I can tell to you. Now for that, you remember one thing that the Question has two types.

  1. Yes or No
  2. With full detail

For the Yes or No type of questions, We will use If in the place of That. And for other Type of question which we need to give the answer with detail, we remove That and we don’t use If in the place That. So let’s check some example:

Example of Yes or No Question Sentence:

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
My boss said to me, “Have you completed the project?”. My boss asked me if I had completed the project

Example of Detail Question Sentence:

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
Saba said to Fahad, “When are you going to London?”. Saba asked to Fahad When he was going to London

 

 

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